What are the key technologies for LED panel lights?

Update:25 Jun 2021
Summary:Optical performance (light distribution): The optical perfor...
Optical performance (light distribution): The optical performance of LED panel lights mainly relates to the performance requirements of the luminosity, spectrum and chromaticity of the LED light bar factory. According to the latest industry standard "Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diode Test Method", there are mainly luminous peak wavelength, spectral radiation bandwidth, axial luminous intensity angle, luminous flux, radiant flux, luminous efficiency, chromaticity coordinates, correlated color temperature, color purity and dominant wavelength, Parameters such as color rendering index. The color temperature, color rendering index and illuminance of white LED commonly used in LED panel lights are particularly important. It is an important indicator of lighting atmosphere and effect, but color purity and dominant wavelength are generally not required.
The mainstream practice in the LED industry is to encapsulate the LED chip to form a light source or light source module, and then distribute the light when it is made into a lamp. This is the original traditional light source method, because the traditional light source emits 360° light. If you want to guide the light to the application side, the current Philips traditional lamps are the best, and the light loss can reach 40%. The optical parameters of lamps used by many of our domestic LED downstream manufacturers are actually the optical parameters of the chip or light source, rather than the optical index parameters of the overall lamp.
How to better improve the light performance, the world's latest technology is to do light distribution on the chip package, export the light of the chip at a time, and maintain the maximum light output, so that the light loss rate is only 5%-10%. With the continuous improvement of technology, the light loss rate will be lower and lower, and the light efficiency of the light source will be higher and higher. Lamps equipped with such light sources do not need to do light distribution, and the relative lamp efficiency will be greatly improved, making them more widely used in functional lighting, forming a considerable market channel. Therefore, a good LED supplier is our top priority. We don’t need to spend a high price to study how our LEDs can be used for light distribution, and we don’t need to spend a lot of time and experience for engineers to use software simulation. The easiest way is Let the LED white light supplier cooperate. You know, if our engineers use software to simulate, then the necessary actions are input and output. The input is the previous data import, and the output is the simulation result, so the previous data must be accurate and the back-end simulation can be correct.
Thermal performance (structure): The luminous efficiency and power supply of LEDs for lighting are one of the keys to the LED industry. At the same time, the PN junction temperature of the LEDs and the heat dissipation of the shell are particularly important. The greater the difference between the PN junction temperature and the lamp body temperature, the greater the thermal resistance, and then the light energy is converted into heat energy and is consumed in vain. In severe cases, the LED is damaged. A good structural engineer must not only consider the structure of the luminaire and the thermal resistance of the LED, but also whether the appearance of the luminaire is reasonable, fashionable, novel, and of course reliability, maintainability and practicability. To think from the perspective of the user, but also to consider the product from the perspective of the user.
Today’s common technology is to use aluminum substrates for packaging. The chip heat dissipation and light conversion efficiency of aluminum substrate packaging have technical core bottlenecks, which cannot effectively control the junction temperature and stably maintain high-power light output, and the application will be due to the higher the light efficiency of the chip. , The larger the area of ​​the aluminum substrate required will increase the cost and application volume, which is extremely inconvenient. Therefore, how to break out of this misunderstanding and create a new path is the core feature of the new technology. Under the premise of maintaining low cost and passive heat dissipation, using high thermal conductivity medium, through the new device/lamp overall structure, reducing thermal resistance, lowering the PN junction temperature, making the PN junction work within the allowable operating temperature and maintaining the maximum amount of photons The minimum requirements for output are as follows:
(1) Ultra-low thermal resistance material, fast heat dissipation overall structure technology;
(2) High thermal conductivity and UV resistant packaging technology;
(3) Application of low environmental stress structure technology;
(4) Overall thermal resistance <20K/W, junction temperature <80 degrees;
(5) The operating temperature of the LED light source lighting module is controlled below 65°C.
Electrical properties (electronics): If you compare a lighting fixture to a young girl, then light distribution is her connotation, structure is her appearance, and electronics is her heart. (It is always those beautiful and fashionable beauties who attract people's attention, and the same is true for products). A person has no life without a heart, and a lamp cannot be a power source without electronics. A good driving power source can also determine the life of a product. The electronic standards and parameters are often much more complicated than the structure, and the early R&D effort is also relatively large. The current technological trends and updates are changing with each passing day. Engineers have to spend a lot of energy to learn, absorb, decompose, and apply new technologies. The entire process of electronic design's early planning, mid-term implementation, and later molding needs to be documented and data formed. This is also the most cumbersome thing in the design. For example: a preliminary plan for a power supply design, product introduction, standard specification basis, safety specification basis, electrical performance expectations, process requirements, raw material evaluation, test methods, etc. must be formed into a system file.
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